They are non-visible veins as they are deep seated and therefore best assessed by an ultrasound scan.
The “Long Saphenous Vein” is located in the inner aspect of the leg and thigh and, the “Short Saphenous Vein” is situated in the back of the leg.
Problems can occur with valves and can be in either, or both of these deep seated veins.
Mechano-Chemical Ablation (MOCA): The video will explain the procedure
Laser Ablation: The video will explain the procedure
Surgery: This is required in a minority of patients whose varicose veins are vey large and complex. The procedure is carried under a general anaesthetic. This would involve an incision in the groin or behind the knee and little incisions along the course of the vein in the inside of thigh or the back of the leg, to physically remove the deep-seated incompetent (leaky) vein and the swollen, visible, varicose veins.
These are the obvious veins bulging underneath the skin that one could see.
Foam sclerotherapy – This involves injecting a chemical into the vein. This chemical damages the lining of the varicose vein, making the vein collapse. This results in the disappearance of the varicose vein. The success of this technique depends on placing the needle accurately in the vein and this is accomplished by using the ultrasound to guide the tip of the needle into the vein.
Avulsions – This involves making tiny incisions, about 2 mm long, over the vein and removing them.
The leg will be bandaged, or compression hosiery applied, following the procedure. The duration of compression will be tailored to the procedure performed.